Module Stdlib.Weak

Low-level functions

type 'a t

The type of arrays of weak pointers (weak arrays). A weak pointer is a value that the garbage collector may erase whenever the value is not used any more (through normal pointers) by the program. Note that finalisation functions are run after the weak pointers are erased.

A weak pointer is said to be full if it points to a value, empty if the value was erased by the GC.

Notes:

  • Integers are not allocated and cannot be stored in weak arrays.
  • Weak arrays cannot be marshaled using Pervasives.output_value nor the functions of the Marshal module.
val create : int -> 'a t

Weak.create n returns a new weak array of length n. All the pointers are initially empty. Raise Invalid_argument if n is negative or greater than Sys.max_array_length-1.

val length : 'a t -> int

Weak.length ar returns the length (number of elements) of ar.

val set : 'a t -> int -> 'a option -> unit

Weak.set ar n (Some el) sets the nth cell of ar to be a (full) pointer to el; Weak.set ar n None sets the nth cell of ar to empty. Raise Invalid_argument "Weak.set" if n is not in the range 0 to Weak.length a - 1.

val get : 'a t -> int -> 'a option

Weak.get ar n returns None if the nth cell of ar is empty, Some x (where x is the value) if it is full. Raise Invalid_argument "Weak.get" if n is not in the range 0 to Weak.length a - 1.

val get_copy : 'a t -> int -> 'a option

Weak.get_copy ar n returns None if the nth cell of ar is empty, Some x (where x is a (shallow) copy of the value) if it is full. In addition to pitfalls with mutable values, the interesting difference with get is that get_copy does not prevent the incremental GC from erasing the value in its current cycle (get may delay the erasure to the next GC cycle). Raise Invalid_argument "Weak.get" if n is not in the range 0 to Weak.length a - 1.

If the element is a custom block it is not copied.

val check : 'a t -> int -> bool

Weak.check ar n returns true if the nth cell of ar is full, false if it is empty. Note that even if Weak.check ar n returns true, a subsequent Weak.get ar n can return None.

val fill : 'a t -> int -> int -> 'a option -> unit

Weak.fill ar ofs len el sets to el all pointers of ar from ofs to ofs + len - 1. Raise Invalid_argument "Weak.fill" if ofs and len do not designate a valid subarray of a.

val blit : 'a t -> int -> 'a t -> int -> int -> unit

Weak.blit ar1 off1 ar2 off2 len copies len weak pointers from ar1 (starting at off1) to ar2 (starting at off2). It works correctly even if ar1 and ar2 are the same. Raise Invalid_argument "Weak.blit" if off1 and len do not designate a valid subarray of ar1, or if off2 and len do not designate a valid subarray of ar2.

Weak hash sets

module type S = sig ... end

The output signature of the functor Weak.Make.

module Make : functor (H : Stdlib.Hashtbl.HashedType) -> S with type data = H.t

Functor building an implementation of the weak hash set structure. H.equal can't be the physical equality, since only shallow copies of the elements in the set are given to it.